How to Run JavaScript Code How and where to run JavaScript code

In order to follow along with this course, you need to know how and where your run your JavaScript code. You have several options to run your first hello world programming:

Open your editor and create a file named index.js.

file_type_js_official index.js
console.log('hello world')

How to Run JavaScript from the Command Line

Running a JS program from the command line is handled by NodeJS. Start by installing NodeJS on local machine if necessary.

  1. Install NodeJS โœ”๏ธ How to Install NodeJS

Now simply open the command line in the same directory as the index.js script you created (VS Code will do this automatically with the integrated terminal).

command line
node .

// or 

node index.js

How to Run JavaScript from the Browser

When people think of “JavaScript”, they most often think of a web browser. You can run code in the browser by creating an HTML file that references the script. In our case, we used the defer option, which will execute the JS after the HTML file is finished loading.

Run a script from an HTML file

file_type_html index.html
<html>
    <head>
        <script defer src="./index.js"></script>
    </head>
</html>

Now simply open this HTML file on your local machine and open the developer console (next step) to see the output.

Inspect the Browser Console

In Chrome, you can open the developer console with Ctrl+Shift+J (Windows) or Ctrl+Option+J (Mac), or manually from the settings menu by selecting More Tools -> Developer Tools. The console allows you to run code in the browser, similar to how

Output of the browser console in Chrome

Output of the browser console in Chrome

Run JavaScript with a Framework

It is worth mentioning that frameworks like React, Angular, Svelte, etc will take care of the building & running of your app automatically and provide framework-specific tooling and steps for running code. In the real world, you are more likely to use the tooling provided by the framework to run your code, as opposed to the basic methods shown in this couse.

Run JavaScript in a Sandbox

This course uses StackBlitz to run JS code examples in an isolated sandbox in the browser. This is a great option for sharing quick demos and issue reproductions ๐Ÿ’ก.

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